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It is rather difficult to determine the first pattern of jacket issued by the Richmond Depot. The distinctive point about the first pattern jacket, and the feature that distinguished it from the Type II, was that it was trimmed on the collar, shoulder straps and cuffs with either tape or piping.Apparently none survive; but based on photographic evidence, and later Richmond practice, it is believed that the first pattern jacket, herein designated the Richmond Depot Type I, was a jacket with a six piece body and two piece sleeves, with a nine button front, shoulder straps and probably belt loops. However, because all of these details must be either gleaned from photographs or inferred from later practice, there is still much that is open to discussion.It has eight large script "I" buttons down the front manufactured by S.Isaacs and Campbell, two small buttons of the same type at the shoulder straps, and two at each nonfunctioning cuff. Sergeant Green's chevrons have been separately applied, each stripe being made of 1/2" wide black velvet.The ends of the chevrons extend into the sleeve seam, indicating they were put on before the sleeves were closed.The Richmond Depot Type II jacket is characterized by a nine-button front, no buttons on the cuffs, top-stitched edges, shoulder straps, belt loops on each hip, an unbleached cotton osnaburg lining and interior pockets. Generally, it has no trim, although examples with partial trim do exist.The photograph of Rush, who was captured at Fort Stedman on 25 March 1865, was taken sometime after when he was admitted to Lincoln General Hospital in Washington, D. In Rush's case, the jacket may have been one which was already at the hospital when he arrived, for two photographs of Private Rush exist, and he wears a different jacket in each.As a possible indication that the jacket was not originally his, it should be noted that the buttons on the Type II Richmond jacket worn by Rush are Mississippi infantry pattern. Thus, the Type II Richmond Depot jacket may have been in production as early as the Spring of 1862, judging from Harris' picture, with the transition between the trimmed Type I and the untrimmed Type II being somewhat gradual and overlapping.
Therefore, this jacket is a rare survival from the mid part of the war, and helps to establish the dating for this pattern.
Bernard of the 12th Virginia was made of a rough, dark greenish gray woolen material.
The lining, however, was the cotton osnaburg to be expected in this pattern.
It had a nine button front and belt loops, and once had shoulder straps.
These straps had been deliberately cut off, probably during service, but the ends were still in the shoulder seam.